Trail Horse Class – Training for the Slicker – Part 2

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In Trail Horse Class – Training for the Slicker – Part I, the basics were covered for training the prospective trail horse to a slicker. As the author recommends starting out slowly, the slicker was not actually introduced. In this lesson, the slicker will be introduced and taught to the horse.

INTRODUCING THE SLICKER

Allow plenty of time for this lesson so that you do not need to rush. Also, allow enough days in advance before he must carry a slicker or other object. Once your horse accepts a large towel, repeat the procedure with a saddle blanket or other object. When he seems to accept those objects,get the slicker and repeat the procedure. When he will let you rub the slicker all over his body, then teach him to accept it over his saddle. This shouldn’t cause him any alarm.

The easiest way is to rub the slicker over his saddle at the end of your lesson. When he accepts it, quit and put him up for the day. With some horses, you can advance to this point in a day.  End at that point and wait until the following day to finish teaching about the slicker while mounted. Think slow. Take your time. That one day may be the difference between a horse that accepts the slicker and succeeding objects or one that blows up and then takes weeks to get back to this point in training.

Remember, what you teach a horse today, he learns tomorrow. Stop on a good note today and your horse should be prepared to accept more tomorrow. Give him time to think about what he did that cause he to get rewarded.

If your horse objects to the slicker, you accustom him to it first from the ground. You can also start with a smaller, less noisy item, such as a towel.

If your horse objects to the slicker, you accustom him to it first from the ground. You can also start with a smaller, less noisy item, such as a towel.

Be sure your horse accepts the slicker before you try to pick it up while mounted.

Be sure your horse accepts the slicker before you try to pick it up while mounted.

On the following day, if your horse is the type that must have his warm up or play time before getting down to business, warm him up accordingly. After he settles, hang the slicker on a pole (as you might find it in a trail class) or lay it over the arena fence. Walk past the slicker as you follow your normal schooling routine. Let the slicker be part of the surroundings. Let your horse look as he chooses. Be ready in case he spooks, but remember not to let him feel your apprehension through your body. As he shows signs of accepting it, or when he no longer tries to avoid the slicker, begin to move him closer to it as you pass by it. At the end of your lesson, walk your horse up to the slicker and stop with the slicker in line with your arm. It is a little easier and a little safer to reach forward for the slicker than to have to twist backwards in the saddle to reach it. Let your horse stop and settle. If he is a curious horse, watch that he doesn’t take the slicker in his mouth and possible pull it and the pole to the ground. That could cause him to spook and would certainly set him back. Relax and let him stand there for a minute or two. Then slowly reach for the slicker and slowly lay it over the front of your saddle. Again, you must read your horse to know how much to ask for on this first day. If he is calm and accepting, rub the slicker up and down his neck. Then hold the slicker steady as he absorbs this new piece of equipment laying over him. Lift the slicker up and put it over your shoulder, first from the front and then over your back. Stop, relax, and let him absorb this. Hang the slicker back on the pole and slowly walk off.

On the next day, repeat these steps. If your horse has accepted them calmly, lay the slicker over the top of his rump. When he accepts that, slide it back and forth. Be sure to lay the slicker on both his left and right sides. You never know from which side of the obstacle you will be asked to approach. Prepare your horse for either side now. Leave nothing to chance. Stop on a good note. Don’t overdo it on these first few days.

Be prepared if your horse spooks or bolts when you first introduce the slicker. Don't sacrifice your safety. Your horse will learn, given enough time.

Be prepared if your horse spooks or bolts when you first introduce the slicker. Don’t sacrifice your safety. Your horse will learn, given enough time.

Once your horse accepts the slicker, lay it over her forehand, in front of the saddle.

Once your horse accepts the slicker, lay it over her forehand, in front of the saddle.

Then place it over her back. You may also be asked to put a raincoat on and take it off.

Then place it over her back. You may also be asked to put a raincoat on and take it off.

On the following day, if all has gone well and your horse easily stands without moving when you drop the reins, put the slicker on. You might be asked to do this in class and it is best to practice at home. If your horse doesn’t stand when you drop the reins, then that is something that you need to work on with your horse.

If your horse is skittish at any point with the slicker, stop at that point, let him relax so he understands that a slicker is nothing to get upset over. Then quit for the day. On the following day, add a little more, rewarding the horse for good behavior. If he wouldn’t let you get close to the slicker or if he panics once you pick it up, go back to your ground work. Rub the slicker over and around him until he accepts it. Then try again.

Some horses will accept the slicker in a few days, while others will take longer. Don’t try to rush your horse. You can hang the slicker in front of his stall so that he has the opportunity to see it. Each time you go by the horse’s stall, take the slicker in and lay it over his back. Move it up and down, back and forth, as he will allow. Please remember, if your horse is excessively nervous, do not jeopardize your safety in any way. Start with a towel if you have to. If you can hang it over or by his feed, you can still remain safely outside of the stall as your horse gains confidence. Don’t enter the stall with a horse that is clearly frightened by a particular object. Hanging objects that a horse is somewhat nervous about around his stall can help him to overcome his fear on his time, with little risk to you.

POLISH YOUR APPROACH

Once your horse accepts the slicker, you can begin to polish your approach to it. The pattern may ask you to put it on or just lay it over your horse. Walk your horse in a straight line (unless the pattern directs you differently) to the slicker. If your horse is not close enough to the slicker to make it easy for you to reach it without leaning out of your saddle, sidepass until you are in position. Practice this at home. Your horse may not want to get close to the slicker. Teach him that he must put you in position so that you don’t have to lean over to get it. Leaning over not only looks bad, it is unsafe. Practice getting in the correct position both from the left and right sides, moving forward and backwards as needed, and side passing both left and right.

Make your horse stop and stand. Pick up the object. In the case of a slicker or raincoat, take it off the pole and put it on or lay it over the saddle. Some judges will ask that you only pick up the slicker and lay it over the horse, rather than putting it on all the way. This saves time in a class. If you are asked to pick the slicker up on your right side, lay it over the front of your horse and down his right side. The drape it down his left side, swing it to the back of the horse and return it to the pole. Your goal is to show your horse’s acceptance of the slicker swinging over his body. He should stand completely still.

If you know that your horse doesn’t like the slicker on his rump, simply omit that from your demonstration. If he only lets you drape the slicker over his left side and no the right side, omit the right side until such a time as he has learned to accept the slicker there. Show off your horse’s good points and minimize his bad. Even if every other entrant in the class swings the slicker over the horse’s rump and you know that your horse doesn’t like it there, don’t do it. Never ask for something that you are not entirely sure that you will get. The time for chances is at home, not in the show pen. Your horse may grow to accept the slicker as he ages or becomes more well trained. For now, however, it’s better to omit that particular part of the exercise. Show your horse to his best advantage. There’s always another show, another pattern, a different judge, another day. A finished trail horse takes a long time to “make.” Go home and continue to practice in a safe and controlled manner.

Excerpted from Laurie Truskauskas’ book Training for Trail Horse Classes.

Trail Courtesy for Horse Back Riders

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When out on the trail with your horse, remember to be courteous with other riders and those who also use the same trails. Here are some tips to keep in mind when you are out riding on the trails.

  • Check your gear before you ride. Make sure it is safe and that you have everything you will need, depending on the weather, terrain, length of ride, and so on.
  • Know your limits. Be sure you and your horse are in condition.
  • Never pass the trail boss.
  • Don’t take an unsafe, inexperienced or untrained horse on a group ride. Train first with experienced horses and riders with which you have ridden before.
  • Never leave the trailhead until all riders are mounted.
  • Be sure to leave enough space between horses.
  • Always announce a gait change to other riders in the group to prevent surprises and potential accidents.
  • Always ride to the abilities of the least experienced rider or horse.
  • Never pass on the trail without asking first if it is okay with the rider ahead.
  • Never ride away from a dismounted rider on the trail.
  • Point out any trail hazard that may not be easily seen to the group behind you. If possible, dismount and clear the trail of the hazard. Also, tell other riders who are going in the opposite direction if there is a hazard that they should be aware of, such as a downed branch, mountain bikers or loose dogs.
  • When encountering obstacles such as a bridge, creek, biker, or other hazards, wait until all riders in the group are safely past the obstacle before proceeding.
  • When going through gates, don’t let it swing back and hit the following horse.¬†Allow it to close before the next horse comes to it. If necessary, dismount and hold the gate open for all riders to go through.
  • Do not try to hold a branch for the horse behind you, as you will most likely smack the horse or its rider when you let go.
  • Don’t let your horse run up on, nuzzle, nip, bite, or scratch on other horses.
  • If your horse has a tendency to kick at other horses, tie a ribbon on his tail. Red is the common color for this.
  • Always carry out all you trash, and any that other people have left. Protect your right to use the trails.

Keep these in mind when out riding either alone or in a group and you will have a pleasant, enjoyable ride.

This information is from Judi Daly’s book Trail Training for the Horse and Rider, a very useful book for novice and experienced riders who are heading out on the trail.

photo credit: xovesphoto O Porto de Meloxo via photopin (license)